Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel syndrome

There is a small and narrow passageway in our wrist, which is about one inch wide, which is known as carpal tunnel. The carpal tunnel shields the median nerve and flexor tendons, Due to the existence of rigid boundaries, and less space, the carpal tunnel can neither increase in size nor stretch.

The median nerve is one of the prime nerves in our hands; It is responsible for controlling the movements of our thumb and all the fingers except the pinky finger. The median nerve travels through the carpal tunnel passage in the wrist, and when it squeezes or compressed, carpal tunnel syndrome occurs. Women and older people are more likely to have carpal tunnel syndrome.

Symptoms of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

  • It causes pain, burning, and tingling in the thumb primarily than in the index, middle and ring fingers;
  • The thumb and fingers can feel the sensation of shock.
  • The pain or tingling may travel up the forearm to the shoulder.
  • Hands become weak over time, which makes it difficult to perform routine tasks.
  • Things can drop out of the hand due to the loss of proprioception
  • In severe cases of carpal tunnel syndrome, the strength of the grip lessens because of the shrinking of the hand muscles.


The primary reason for carpal tunnel syndrome is when the synovium tissues swell, they take up space in the carpal tunnel, and it narrows that causes carpal tunnel syndrome.

Risk Factors associated with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Heredity

In some people, the carpal tunnel is smaller, which means less space for the nerve. This problem is hereditary.

  • Repetition

Making the same hand or wrist movements over and over again for an extensive period puts an immense amount of pressure on the nerve.

  • The position of the hand

Performing exercises that involve the wrist or hand in an uncomfortable position for a prolonged period increases pressure on the nerve which results in its swelling;

  • Health Conditions

Conditions like Diabetes, thyroid gland imbalance and rheumatoid arthritis can prove to be helpful in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.


Doctors run a set of tests to diagnose Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, which is known as nerve conduction studies. They also use your history and a physical examination to diagnose this condition.

Treatment for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Lifestyle Changes

If you are facing this condition because of repetitive motions, you could lessen the frequency of that activity.

  • Immobilization

Using a splint on the doctor's advice to lessen the pressure on the nerves can be helpful.

  • Medication

Anti-inflammatory drugs or steroid shots are given by the doctors generally to reduce the swelling.

  • Surgery

If nothing works out and the problem gets out of the hand. Consultation with the doctor about surgery is advisable.


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