A Quick Guide To Osteoarthritis and It's care

Osteoarthritis is a condition in which the joints become extremely painful and stiff, which makes it very hard to move and perform day to day chores. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis.

What happens during Osteoarthritis?

There is increased wear and tear of the protective tissues at the end of the bones in our joints. The intrinsic joint is a cartilaginous layer between the two bones; filled with synovial fluid. If this protective lubricative layer gets torn, it becomes painful. This condition is known as osteoarthritis.

What are the causes of Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage between the bones becomes progressively worse. Cartilage is a rubber-like tissue between the bones that creates frictionless joint motion.

Following are the factors that cause osteoarthritis:

  • A serious injury on joints disrupts the tissue, and the bones start rubbing against each other.
  • Any other factor that causes joint damage like Osteoporosis
  • As we age, our bones get weaker, which develops the risk of osteoarthritis.
  • Overusing joints can damage the tissue that leads to osteoarthritis.
  • Obesity is also a cause of osteoarthritis.
  • A family history of arthritis.

How do we diagnose Osteoarthritis?

Usually, your physician will look for the following conditions:

  • Whether your age is above 45
  • If you are having regular joint pain and it is getting worse with time
  • Stiffness in joints
  • If there is decreased mobility and increased pain while flexing the joint

After this, if some of the above-listed conditions don't get fulfilled, then the treatment depends upon what kind of arthritis do you have and for that X-rays and Blood tests are carried out.

What can be done to cure Osteoarthritis?

To be honest, Osteoarthritis is a condition that does not have a cure yet, but scientists are working for the same all around the world. But with the latest research and modern arthritis management techniques, arthritis can be kept under control, and there is a good chance that it can get cured by applying the following methods:

  • Losing weight is the best way to start management.
  • Regular exercises that strengthen our joints.
  • Wearing orthopedic footwear custom made for osteoarthritis management.
  • Using multiple devices to reduce the amount of stress on joints
  • Physiotherapy by a professional.
  • Joint replacement surgery is the ultimate solution.


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