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Osteoporosis and Its Treatment

Everything you need to know about Osteoporosis and Treatment

Osteoporosis is also known as porous bones. The human body and its shape rely upon bones. If the bones start getting damaged, the survival of the entire body becomes tough. One such condition that mostly adults people have to face is osteoporosis.

What exactly happens if a person has Osteoporosis?

The human body continually keeps rebuilding bone tissue that replaces the old damaged bone. But as we age, the body slows down the process of building new bones and replacing damaged bones. Furthermore, if your body fails to repair damaged bones, they begin getting weaker with time and creates pores in bones that can result in bone diseases such as osteoporosis. 

At present, about a hundred and twenty million peoples are affected by osteoporosis all around the world. Women's over the age of forty are more prone to have osteoporosis.

What are the chief causes of Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis does not have a list of specified causes since the weakening of bones can happen due to several reasons, but according to doctors following factors can be responsible for osteoporosis,

  • Age

With the growing age, bone formation, and density of bones both decrease, especially in women as they attain menopause, the hormone Estrogen that strengthens bones do not release anymore. It happens even in males, as they reach their late 30s bones start getting weaker; It is all a natural phenomenon;

  • Race

The White Americans and people in Asia are more likely to have Osteoporosis

  • Genetic make-up

If you have a family history of Osteoporosis.

  • Unhealthy diet and lifestyle
  • Multiple eating disorders, like anorexia or bulimia nervosa (over-eating), or orthorexia
  • Smoking is one of the main reasons for osteoporosis.
  • A high amount of alcohol intake
  • Malabsorption of vitamin-D, less Calcium, and Magnesium intake
  • Complete inactivity and no physical movements weaken bones

What can we do to Prevent or Cure Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a disease that can easily connect with a person’s lifestyle, habits, nutritional intake, and physical activeness, so to prevent it, we can seek out the following factors,

  • Increasing calcium and vitamin D supply to the body can help prevent osteoporosis. Dairy products such as milk, yogurt, and paneer provide us calcium, and calcium is essential for bone density.
  • According to the latest studies people over the age of 19 years should have a consumption of up to 1,000 mg of calcium every day, while women over the age of 50 should have up to 1,200 mg of calcium in a day;

The sources of calcium can be:

  • Milk, Cheese, Yogurt
  • Green Leafy vegetables, like broccoli and spinach
  • Fishes of high nutritional value
  • Cod Liver Oil
  • Calcium Supplements
  • Having sunbath and performing any physical activity for at least 30 minutes every day increases the level of Vitamin-D

Prevention of Osteoporosis

  • Smoking decreases bone density day by day, it is not visible but is very harmful in long-term
  • Stop consuming alcohol, since it promotes osteoporosis
  • Weight-bearing exercise promotes bone formation and expands the density as well as the strength
  • Yoga has a strong effect on bones, regularly performing yoga can improve the condition of osteoporosis;

 

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